Periodontal surgery is surgery done on the areas of the mouth that support your teeth. This type of surgery can be necessary if you have experienced gum disease, periodontitis, or gingivitis. This type of surgery is common, and people usually refer to it as gum surgery.

Why Do People Get Periodontal Surgery?

doctor performs periodontal surgery procedureMany oral surgeons in Sacramento, CA offer periodontal surgery for complete oral care. Periodontal surgery is often done when people have damage on their gums or to their bones from gum disease. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two primary forms of gum disease. Gingivitis occurs when plaque and tartar remain on the teeth for long periods of time. This plaque and tartar can cause inflammation in the gums. This inflammation causes the gums to pull back from the teeth, bleed, and cause pain.

Periodontitis is an advanced form of gingivitis. When the gums are visibly pulling back from the teeth, they can become infected. Additionally, connective tissue and bone tissue can be damaged at this stage. Periodontitis can get so bad that the removal of teeth is needed because the mouth can no longer support them.

Some Risk Factors of Gum Disease

Medications – Certain medications can cause you to have dry mouth or less saliva in your mouth; saliva is what keeps bacteria at bay while you are not brushing your teeth. If you are on medications that cause dry mouth, make sure to get plenty of water throughout the day.

Diabetes – Having diabetes puts people at a higher risk for contracting gum disease and gum infections.

Smoking – Smoking plays a role in the development of gum disease.

Hormone Changes – Changes in hormones, such as estrogen cycles in women, put them at a higher risk of developing gum disease.

Genes – Some genes are associated with the development of gum disease and the contraction of infections in the mouth.


If you have gum disease, you probably have some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Pain while chewing
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Bleeding and receding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Sensitive teeth

What Happens During Periodontal Surgery?

There are four major types of periodontal surgery that take place. Before you get the surgery, you will probably have a deep cleaning or scaling. This will remove tartar from deep in the gum pockets to ensure cleanliness in the area after finishing the surgery. Common types of periodontal surgery are:

Flap Surgery – This is similar to scaling, but the surgeon will go deeper and then stitch the gums back up after completing the work. Additionally, bone shaping may be part of this procedure depending on the amount of tartar removed.

Tissue Grafting – This takes place when the gums have receded to the point of no return. Surgery involves moving tissue from another place in the mouth so that the roots of the tooth have protection.

Guided Tissue Regeneration – This is when bone tissue needs direction to grow. The surgeon opens the gums and places mesh to stimulate bone growth inside of the gums. This will get tissue growing where needed.

Bone Grafting – This procedure is similar to tissue grafting. The surgeon grafts a piece of bone to support the teeth and the roots of the teeth

Finding an Oral Surgeon

When looking for periodontal surgery, finding a doctor that you feel comfortable with should not be hard. Feel free to interview surgeons. If you are seeking an oral surgery provider in the Sacramento area, have a look at Sacramento Surgical Arts. We specialize in many types of dental surgery as well as cosmetic surgery. Call us at 866.930.5837 today to book a free consultation.